Heliotropic SmartSurfaces

Pool your photos from SmartSurfaces

SmartSurfaces (Fall 2009) offered a collaborative, project-based learning experience in which undergraduate artists, designers, architects and engineers came together to build physical systems and structural surfaces that have the capability to adapt to information and environmental conditions.

The course was broken into two phases: an introductory / skill building phase, and the final project. For the first part of the course, participants focused on problem and constraint definition, structured brainstorming and skill building. Final teams were assigned in week six and the rest of the semester involved the production of the fully realized, funded projects shown below. Both phases focused on multidisciplinary, collaborative teams to carry out the assignments and projects. An important aspect of this course was the manner in which useful cross-fertilization emerged in the application of different disciplinary methodologies in response to concrete problems in practice.

Course participants had the opportunity to gain experience with using diverse tools and processes. Where possible, learning made use of practical problem solving through experimentation. All participants were challenged beyond their usual intellectual and disciplinary boundaries and had to negotiate and manage differences between the cultures of three university units (Art & Design, Architecture and Materials Science Engineering).

Each team was required to design, build, program and test a ‘heliotropic smartsurface’ that makes use of:
Solar energy harvesting
Microcontroller programming (Arduino) and circuit building
Parametric modeling (Digital Project)
Digital fabrication

Teams had to consider and negotiate what makes a surface smart, and why we would be interested in a smart surface that follows the Sun. They had to engage a methodology of defining explicit relationships, complex behaviors, and unforeseen responses in a context of distributed authorship.

University of Michigan, Fall 2009
3 Credits
Fridays, 11am-5pm
Design Lab 1, Duderstadt Center

TCAUP: kmdaub@umich.edu
A&D: johnjm@umich.edu
MSE: mshtein@umich.edu


Fall2009_Task1 - Introduction: Deposit sand in specified locations using only the provided materials and tools. Max Shtein sets up the topic for the semester.

Fall2009_Task2 - Arduino: Design, build, program and test a device that tracks a handheld flashlight. John Marshall reviews Arduino workflow.

Fall2009_Task3 - Digital Project: Make a heliotropic field that is responsive to the movement of the sun. Karl Daubmann introduces parametric modeling with Digital Project.

Fall2009_Task4 - Two-week Heliotropic SmartSurface: Propose, develop, deconstruct and implement an idea based on the principles of an interactive, heliotropic smartsurface.

Fall2009_Task5 - Advanced Arduino: A grab bag of exercises that extend what can be done with Arduino, motors and sensors.

Fall2009_Task6 - Seven-week Heliotropic SmartSurface: Design, build, program and test a ‘heliotropic smartsurface’. Julian Bleecker helps set up the scope of the final project.

Fall2009_Task6a - Eugene Shteyn talks about finding high quality problems that are implementable and diffusable.

Fall2009_Task6b - Michelle Addington talks about discrete systems and technology transfer.

Fall2009_Final - Presentations and reviews.

The Shy Solar Array: An Adaptive Solar Array That Responds To Weather

Arrays of solar cells are vulnerable to their surroundings, do not maximize the sunlight-collecting surface area, and are unattractive.  Inspired by the Mimosa Pudica plant and its tendency to shy away from external stimuli, our shy solar array was created.  Our solar array protects itself from damaging elements such as snow or rain by flipping away from them.  This will allow the solar array to be implemented in less than ideal weather locations, such as Michigan.  Our solar array also maximizes the sun collecting surface area through its unique shape.  The form of the array lends itself to a more efficient use of surface area by avoiding shadowing when the cell is rotated towards the sun.  Also, the array stands out as a more desirable object that can serve as a stand-alone artifact as well as a useful solar array.  Outside of the gallery this solar array would be implemented onto the rooftop of Michigan Engineering buildings as an alternative energy source.  To further maximize the collected energy, the solar array should contain solar cells that are specially shaped to the design. 

Team Fabric + Super J
Alyssa Ackerman – School of Art and Design
Johanna Brand – Taubman College of Architecture and Urban Planning
Yuming Jiang – Material Science and Engineering
Chris Johnson – Taubman College of Architecture and Urban Planning
Mat Schwartz - School of Art and Design
Michelle Svetkoff - Material Science and Engineering

The iWall Modular Light-Filtration System

The wall you see here is a modular, scalable, self-adjusting multi-aperture window, designed to optimize light flow into a room by manipulating the position of rotating wood panels.  You could call it an 'automatic venetian blind',  as that is the gist of the purpose. The system consists of 30 individual modules, with one panel per module, which allow a variable amount of light to pass through.  The structural elements are built modularly, but circuitry elements - such as wiring - are set up in a non-modular fashion.  Individual module apertures open and close in reaction to the intensity of the light that passes through the wall as detected by light-dependent resistors (LDRs), seen on the projection side, holding a relatively constant light level on the ‘interior’ of the wall at all times - this gives 'heliotropic' and 'smart' characteristics to the wall - 'surface', fitting it into the premise of the SmartSurfaces course.  The actual actuation is by a grid of servos powered externally and controlled through inputs from an Arduino Mega and the LDRs.  The materials used in the assembly of the individual modules were 3/16" cast acrylic cut by laser and 3/16" 6061 aluminum sheet cut by water jet.

Team iWall
Westley Josiah Burger
- Taubman College of Architecture and Urban Planning
Peter Hall - School of Art and Design
Brieana MacDonald - Taubman College of Architecture and Urban Planning
Michael Mathieu - Material Science and Engineering
Taylor McKenzie-Veal - School of Art and Design
Neil Poulin - Material Science and Engineering


Simon is a heliotropic, feel-good machine. He interacts with a user through motion and LED color mixing and enters a default solar-tracking mode when not in use. Face recognition technology, a simple joint system, and a flexible LED array make possible a wide range of movement and interaction while photovoltaic panels provide the power. By fusing emotional connections with the user, we hope to transform the concept of sustainability from a condition of sacrifice to that of pleasure.

Team Softcore
Rachel Boswell - School of Art and Designn
Eric Harman - School of Art and Design
Marc Maxey - Taubman College of Architecture and Urban Planning
Lindsey May - Taubman College of Architecture and Urban Planning
Damien Stonick - Material Science and Engineering
Zilin Wang - Material Science and Engineering


Rather than using solar cells to convert sunlight into electrical energy, we are concerned with using the power of the sun in a more direct way. Exposure is a biological, heliotropic lighting system powered by photosynthesis. Living inside the piece are several Dinoflagellates, Pyrocystis fusiformis, aka bioluminescent algae. The bioluminescence of the organisms are set to a biological clock quite similar to our sleep cycle. During 12 hours of daylight Pyrocystis use the available light to photosynthesize, producing their own food and oxygen. At sunset the cells produce the chemicals that cause the luminescent reaction. If agitated during their 12-hour dark cycle, the algae give off a glowing blue light. In Exposure we have harvested several bioluminescent algae organisms, and embedded them into an architectural array. Within the array, varying panel heights correspond to the density of algae organisms contained in each unit. Infrared sensors located below the panels detect human presence, and trigger a motor. Attached to the motors, a cam makes contact with the panels creating enough motion to agitate the algae and expose their bioluminescent glow.

Team Slime
Ivan Adelson - Taubman College of Architecture and Urban Planning
Aidan Feldman - Computer Science Engineering & Department of Dance
Isaac Krauss - School of Art and Design
Laura Ligeski - Material Science and Engineering
Allison Sturm - School of Art and Design
David Theisz - Taubman College of Architecture and Urban Planning


Alyssa Ackerman

Alyssa Ackerman is junior at the School of Art and Design. She is intrigued with the problem-solving aspect of design and explores both graphic and industrial design. She is also studying the Programs in the Environment, with a focus on agriculture. She hopes to fuse these topics and use design to help solve environmental problems of today and the future.

Alyssa is taking this class to better her understanding of Design. She loves the multi-discipline aspect of the class and time spent working in groups filled with very different perspectives, backgrounds, and ideas.

Alyssa will be studying this following semester at the Shrishti School of Art, Design, and Technology in Bangalore, India. Here, she will again be working in a multi-discipline setting, with a great emphasis on design and technology.

Ivan Adelson

Ivan Adelson is a senior in the undergraduate architecture program at University of Michigan’s TCAUP.  He is interested in exploring functional and practical solutions to design problems, while experimenting with different ways to create social engagement and proactive resolutions.  It is about creating a specific experience for a specific space, and to understand the relationships between the ways people interact within. Architecture, to Ivan, is meant to generate change; change the way people live, the way people gather information, the way the world looks, the way we function.

Over the years Ivan has worked for a couple architecture firms.  During his senior year of high school and parts of his freshman year of college, Ivan was an intern at Neumann Smith Architects in Southfield, Michigan. Following this Ivan was offered the opportunity to intern at a smaller architecture firm in New York City, Guerin Glass Architects.  Both provided valuable experiences, exposure to immense knowledge and encouragement to pursue the field of architecture.

Rachel Boswell

Rachel Boswell is a senior at the School of Art & Design. With a focus on product design, specifically furniture, she has been exploring aspects of sustainability and the conscious use of materials.

Rachel spent the whole of last year studying Scandinavian product design and sustainable design at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, where much of the work was collaborative and team oriented. Because this kind of learning environment was so enriching and fun, she decided to join the Smartsurfaces team to further her design and real-world cooperative experience.

This year, Rachel hopes to hone her 3D design skills and expand her knowledge of environmentally friendly construction methods and materials. Smartsurfaces seems to be the perfect way to do this and to exchange ideas, skills, and working methods with fellow students and other disciplines.

Johanna Brandt

Johanna is a senior in the undergraduate architecture program. She is interested in interdisciplinary design problems relating to cultural and environmental issues. She is interested in the way that people from different fields approach various problems and how different methods of problem solving achieve a final result.

Over the last summer, Johanna interned at an architecture firm in Germany. She has also worked in the testing department of an automotive supplier.

After graduating, Johanna plans to get go to grad school abroad in Germany or Switzerland or taking some time off to travel and/or volunteer.

Westley Burger

(Westley) Josiah Burger is a senior at TCAUP. He is interested in interactive and responsive architecture, and in form creation. Josiah is currently working for Clark Construction Company in order to better understand building construction and structure. He is planning on working for an architecture firm for a few years before returning to school for his M. ARCH.

Aidan Feldman

Aidan Feldman is currently a super-senior at University of Michigan, pursuing a double-major in Computer Science and Dance.  Originally from Chicago, he is interested in human computer interaction, artificial intelligence, physical theater, web design and dance choreography, performance and improvisation.  

He is the Co-Outreach Chair for BLUElab, an engineering student group focusing on sustainable design, where he is working on a hybrid-hydraulic bicycle with regenerative braking.  Currently, Aidan is choreographing the musical Hair, performing in Wild Swan Theater's Hawk, I'm Your Brother for children throughout Southeast Michigan.   

He hopes to someday get a master's degree in New Media, and get a job teaching interdisciplinary courses just like this one.

Peter Hall

Pete Hall is a junior in the School of Art & Design studying industrial design and is interested in multi-use, collapsible and space saving design. He has a background studying mechanical engineering at Michigan Engineering before discovering his calling in the design field. He is taking Smartsurfaces because of his belief that engineering and design are not mutually exclusive and must collaborate for both fields to move forward.

During his junior year of study, Pete is focusing on sustainable design and has catered his course selection around design, technology and the environment and is specifically using less and more-renewable materials for prototyping.

Eric Harman

Eric Harman is a junior in the School of Art and Design, focusing in Industrial Design, and dislikes speaking of himself in the third-person.

I want to change the world. I am in the SmartSurfaces studio because I am interested not only in "what" we will do to save the planet from environmental cataclysm, but "why" and "how"?  What makes our ways of thinking superior to the natural order nature has established vis-a-vis Evolution?  I hope to observe and partake in solutions to lessen our environmental impact, as well as the processes that lead to group innovation and essentially, the justification of human existance when we appear to be at the root of our own growing catastrophe.

Yuming Jiang

Yuming Jiang (friends also call him Jason) is a senior in Materials Science and Engineering with a dual degree program in mechanical engineering at Shanghai Jiao Tong University. He works in Prof. Goldman’s research group on nano-semiconductor materials which have novel applications in solar energy, thermoelectric (from heat to electricity) and invisible materials (negative refractive index). Publications on nanostructure evolution under ion irradiations are in progress.

Having investigated the growth mechanism and synthesis of novel materials in a nanometer scale, he is interested in implementing sustainable energy solutions in a level of commercial devices. Also, based on his education experience in China, Germany and US, he believes energy crisis should be addressed internationally, which is what he wants to learn and get inspired from Smartsurfaces.  

Other internships and research experiences are expected to be helpful in Smartsurfaces, including testing superhard composite material (artificial diamond based), working on credit loans at a small financial institution, 3D modeling and analysis of carotid divarication.

Christopher Johnson

Christopher is a senior in TCAUP working towards his Bachelors of Science in architecture. His explorations have shifted during his tenure in Ann Arbor from writing and journalism to architecture and interactive design.  He currently works in the 3D lab at the Duderstadt and enjoys working with a multitude of 3D modeling programs as well as digital fabrication practices. He is currently learning parametric modeling and hopes to explore more computational design during his final year.
Chris took Malcolm McCullough's responsive surfaces course last winter and chose to enroll in Smartsurfaces to further his education in this interesting arena.  By adding students from multiple disciplines, there is an incredibly dynamic conversation that can be had during the course of the semester.  Chris wants to utilize interactive design while creating some pretty cool stuff.

Isaac Krauss

Isaac Krauss is a senior in the School of Art and Design and is largely interested in fabrication, design and sculpture.  Isaac spends most of his academic time sketching, working with clay, and 3D modeling.  He watches a lot of movies, South Park, Mad Men and the crap circling the Internet.  Isaac is interested in designing for himself as fine artist in the future, but would love to work in set design or special effects for entertainment.

Laura Ligeski

Laura Ligeski is a senior in the Materials Science and Engineering department. She has been doing research in Professor Jones and Pollock's research group focusing first on ultrasonic fatigue testing of ductile cast iron during the Winter '09 semester. Currently, she is working with AZ61L magnesium sheets that have been through a variety of processes including as molded, rolled and annealed. The material is going through a special process of called thixomolding, which is done in order to decrease particle size and make the sheet more uniform. For both metal research projects, she preformed fractography and microstructural anaylsis.

There are two reasons that Laura decided to take this class. To begin with, this class allows her to learn how to use a variety of new tools and machines in order to accomplish the task at hand. However, the main reason is that she loves working with people, not only for the social aspect but for the difference in opinions. Over her past three years of schooling, she has come to realize that different opinions and points of views are what make a truly good concept great. Having this opportunity to work with not only other students, but students from different majors, will allow her to truly experience what it is like to work in a more real world atmosphere and will allow her to better understand and appreciate how other people think and work towards the same goal.

Brieana MacDonald

Brieana is a senior in TCAUP's undergraduate architecture program. She began her collegiate education in engineering, switching to architecture after finding that her interests lean more toward visual rather than virtual concepts of space. At first being frustrated with the differences she found in the way engineering and architecture teach designers to think, she has learned to begin to hone this difference as a mediator between pragmatic and conceptual thinking.

Her reasons for taking this course are many, but her main interests lie within documenting  and experimenting with the process in which engineers, artists, and architects learn to work together as well as observing how the educators learn to teach and control the dynamic of such a mixture. More actively in this course, she is interested in collaborating to design original strategies of solving problems that perhaps haven't been re-thought or reinvented since their original construct.

Michael Mathieu is a senior in the Materials Science and Engineering department, focusing primarily on metallurgy, though with a strong interdisciplinary interest in the mineral resources industry.  He also has a minor in Classical Civilization, specifically the Roman Empire, and is meshing his interests into survey of the history of ancient Roman mining for his senior year research.  He is an active member in the Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration, as well as various materials-oriented societies.

Mathieu has spent the past two summers working as a metallurgical intern at ArcelorMittal Riverdale, a steel mill in Riverdale, IL.  His primary projects there involved process improvement, working with both liquid and solid steel.  He felt that the experience was vastly rewarding, both technically and from learning to interact with union and non-union employees, and he is considering a career in the steel industry.

Mathieu’s reasoning for joining SmartSurfaces was twofold.  First, the idea of multidisciplinary education intrigued him, and the opportunity to work with people from other walks of life was not one to pass up.  Second, he felt that he lacked significant experience in solar and open-source technology, and that the experience he will gain will be important in the future, with the evolution of modern industry towards sustainability.

Marc Maxey

Marc Maxey completed TCAUP’s undergraduate architecture program in 2009. He received several awards for his academic work in the Wallenberg competition, Wilike Portfolio competion, and the 2009 Taubman College student show.
He is currently studying an additional year as an Undergraduate to pursue a curriculum outside the lens of accreditation. Marc is focusing on digital technology and fabrication, as well as land art and product design.
Marc studied auto mechanics after high school at Universal Technical Institute in Illinois. After apprenticing for a year at a small import repair shop, he was accepted into BMW of North America’s Service Training Excellence Program (STEP) in New Jersey. Marc worked as technician for several years, lastly at BMW of Manhattan. His interest in mechanical things still persists through his love for vintage cars and scooters.
Marc’s professional design work has consisted of several design-build projects, most recently he and his partner completed a set of home-office furniture for a resident in Detroit’s Lafayette Park. Other projects inlcude an office and retail interior for Être Design in Kerrytown, and custom cabinetry.

Lindsey May

Lindsey May is a senior in the Taubman College of Architecture and Urban Planning. She is interested in networked systems and the management of programatic fields.  This results in work that pursues evolving and opportunistic understandings of place, boundary, and the role of the individual. The interdisciplinary structure of Smartsurfaces explores the notions of role and exchange through the deconstruction of antiquated ideas of segregated interdisciplinary work.

This past summer she studied in Beijing at Beijing Architecture Studio Enterprise (B.A.S.E.) and worked in Shanghai at Atelier Liu Yuyang Architects.  After graduation, she hopes to work in the architecture or
design industry and develop her skills and interests.

Taylor McKenzie-Veal

Taylor McKenzie-Veal is a senior in the School of Art & Design where he has focused his studies on Industrial Design.  He is interested in how design can affect people’s lives and create change.  He believes that environmental responsibility is a criterion of good design

Taylor is taking this class because he believes that working in an interdisciplinary environment is a crucial component to progress.  This approach will be necessary in a future where all people and their respective disciplines must work towards mutual goals of sustainability and innovation.

Neil Poulin

Neil is a senior in the Materials Science and Engineering department at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor. He is interested in biomaterials and would like to work on making medical devices such as artificial organs or other prosthetics.  He is also interested in metamaterials after he worked with them for the miniaturization of patch antennas for micro radio applications at his internship with BAE Systems in Merrimack, NH, this past summer.

Mathew Schwartz

Mathew Schwartz is a junior in the School of Art and Design. He is interested in 3D technology with a focus on human and computer interaction.

Damien Stonick

Damien Stonick is a senior in the Materials Science and Engineering program at the University of Michigan. Throughout her college curriculum she has had a strong interest in the development of solar energy technologies, particularly solar cells. She has participated in research with Max Shtein in developing a solar cell system involving polar CdTe quantum dots.

As an individual who is more of a multi-disciplinary student than most engineers seem, with a lifetime of art, theater, writing, and scientific interest, Damien felt this was a course that applied very strongly to her interests and would hopefully provide the opportunity to collaborate with other disciplines to create products and systems that have the potential to change and improve the way our society looks at solar energy.

Allison Sturm

Allison Sturm is a senior in the School of Art and Design.

Michelle Svetkoff

Michelle Svetkoff is a senior in the Materials Science Engineering department.  She loves knowing about and creating the cutting edge of things.  She became a Materials engineer because all technology has physical limitations and its expansion is highly dependent upon the progression of materials, both in the discovery of materials and in the design of materials.   A famous saying of materials is ‘the structure affects the properties’.  She considers materials to be the epicenter of all technology.

Svetkoff joined this class for various reasons.  The first is that she realizes how important this class is for the evolution of technology.  No problem can be solved with one type of thinking, and so being able to communicate and work cross-disciplinary is vital to effective solutions to match the world’s growing technological demands.  Another reason she joined this class was so she could physically make something.  All of our engineering classes teach us the concepts, but very few classes actually use these concepts to construct anything.  As everyone knows, the theoretical and the actual results are VERY different, and she believes that to be a good engineer you need to be aware of both.  In class when you learn that Al has an elastic modulus of 70 GPa, what does this really mean for real-life use?  There are many more reasons, but the reasons are less important when compared to what else is on this website (i.e our experiences and our projects).

Last summer Svetkoff interned at IMRA America.  IMRA is a highly technical research company that creates femtosecond lasers and metal nanoparticles (using a non-chemical method).  She thoroughly enjoyed this internship because her primary project was to find how these metal nanoparticles could be applied to real-life.  So she got to study the feasibility of hundreds of different cutting-edge possibilities.  This was very exciting to see because in the classroom we aren’t ever asked to think about how materials can be manipulated/utilized for the real world.

David Theisz

David Theisz is a senior at The Taubman College of Architecture and Urban Planning.  His disciplinary interests polarize between architectural design as a process of rigorous drawing buttressed by theories of representation and as a medium for utilizing emerging technologies for progressive cultural production; two areas of focus often considered to be in conflict.  Having originally planned to pursue a career in fine arts, David is an advocate of inter-disciplinary work and is excited to be working in a collaborative setting utilizing not only the talents, but different methods of conceptualization and implementation that are used to define professional boundaries.

Zilin Wang

Zilin Wang is a senior undergraduate student studying Materials Science and Engineering at University of Michigan. Zilin is also an entrepreneur who co-founded a web 2.0 startup: http://www.skoogo.com/ in 2007.

From his working experience at Microsoft, MySpace, Nano-mechanical Engineering lab at Northwestern University, to his own company, Zilin realizes what multidisciplinary collaboration means to a successful commercial product, which not only depends on technology but also on excellent design, concept, marketing, etc. His reason to participate in project Smartsurfaces is to collaborate with experts from different fields to solve real world problems and to better understand how to transform a cutting edge technology into a humane product that really solve customers' problems and make people's life better.

Having been worked as a marketer, product designer, research assistant and entrepreneur, Zilin is very familiar with solving problems under real world scenarios and acquainted with what factors, pressures from real world market must be considered.


Julian Bleecker

Julian Bleecker is a designer, technologist and researcher at the Design Strategic Projects studio at Nokia Design in Los Angeles and co-founder with Nicolas Nova of the Near Future Laboratory, their design-to-think studio. He lectures and leads workshops on the intersections of art, design, technology and the near-future possibilities for new social-technical interaction rituals. He has taught interactive media at Parson’s School of Design and the University of Southern California. Julian has given talks and exhibited many of his emerging technology projects, designs and concepts in venues such as SIGGRAPH, LIFT, Xerox PARC, O’Reilly Emerging Technology Conference and Where 2.0 Conference on Location-Based Technology, Ubicomp, Ars Electronica, ACM SIGCHI, ACM Advances in Computer Entertainment, Banff New Media Institute, American Museum of the Moving Image, Art Interactive, Boston Cyberarts Festival, SHiFT, Reboot, Eyebeam Atelier, and SK Telecom’s Art Center Nabi.

He has a Bachelor’s Degree in Electrical Engineering from Cornell University, a Master’s Degree from the University of Washington, Seattle, in Computer-Human Interaction, and a Ph.D. from the University of California, Santa Cruz where his dissertation is on technology, culture and entertainment. He was formally a Professor of Interactive Media at the University of Southern California. He serves as an adviser to the US Pavilion for the Shanghai 2010 World Expo, and is on the board of advisors the Lift Conference and can often be found jurying international art-technology conferences. He is presently conducting a research study on the relationships between art, technology and innovation practices under a grant from the University of Southern California’s Provost’s Office and completing a book on “New Interaction Rituals” and a pamphlet for the Architectural League on urban networks. His current interests include: Design, Science Fiction, Film, Urban Space, Future Things and strategies for thinking about and creating conversations that lead to more habitable near future worlds.

Eugene Shteyn

Eugene Shteyn is Director of Intellectual Property and Standards, at Hewlett-Packard in Palo Alto, California. He also teaches model-based invention and innovation at Stanford University. Shteyn holds twenty-four US patents and is a named inventor on more than forty patents pending (in software architecture, digital entertainment,  internet services, nanotechnology, and other areas). At Hewlett-Packard, Shteyn works on identifying potential markets for technology transfer and intellectual property licensing strategies. His experience includes invention development, establishing standards alliances with major global companies, guiding and motivating high-impact interdisciplinary teams. Much of his work is represented in high-tech products and industry standards. Shteyn received degrees in mechanical engineering and computer science. He is the author of the forthcoming book 'How to Invent: A Guide for Technologists, Innovators, and Engineers'.

Michelle Addington

Prior to teaching at Yale, Ms. Addington taught at Harvard University for ten years and before that at Temple University and Philadelphia University. Her background includes work at NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, where she developed structural data for composite materials and designed components for unmanned spacecraft. Ms. Addington then spent a decade as a process design and power plant engineer as well as a manufacturing supervisor at DuPont, and after studying architecture, she was an architectural associate at a firm based in Philadelphia. She researches discrete systems and technology transfer, and she serves as an adviser on energy and sustainability for many organizations, including the Department of Energy and the AIA. Her chapters and articles on energy, environmental systems, lighting, and materials have appeared in many books and journals and she recently co-authored Smart Materials and Technologies for the Architecture and Design Professions. She received a B.S.M.E. from Tulane University, a B.Arch. from Temple University, a M.Des.S. and a D.Des. from Harvard University.